Independence Roofing: Article About Roofing Styles In The Truman Neighborhood
The Truman Neighborhood designated the Harry S. Truman National Historic Landmark District in 1972 to preserve the historic character of the neighborhood where Truman lived. It provides the perfect showcase for the strikingly diverse styles of Independence roofing. This article gives a brief overview of eight different styles of roof in that area of Missouri.
Italianate (1850 - 1885) - The most popular architectural style of its time, this style typically featured hipped roofs that are nearly flat in slope with wide eave overhangs, decorative lintels above doors and windows, and front or side gables. These picturesque and pricy homes reflected the optimism and prosperity of the post-Civil War era.
Queen Anne (1880 - 1910) - Contrary to its name, this style was more typical of the earlier Elizabethan and Jacobean eras. The roofs of these homes were steeply pitched, featuring complex, front-facing gables. The frontage of the Truman home on Delaware Street is constructed in this style.
American Foursquare (1905 - 1940) This roof style is hipped with wide eave overhangs. Embracing a Newtonian Third-law sentiment of an equal and opposite reaction, these homes were plain and box-like, the antithesis of the elaborate Victorian architectural styles.
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Craftsman Bungalow (1905 - 1940) - Inspired by the British Arts and Crafts movement from the 1860s, the roofs of these homes are low-pitched with front or side gables and wide eave overhangs with exposed rafters and triangular knee braces.
Spanish Eclectic (1915 - 1940) - Bearing low-pitched roofs with little or no overhang, this architectural style was inspired by the California-Pacific Exposition in 1915 that was held to commemorate opening of the Panama Canal. Although this architectural period was most common in the American Southwest, some of the most outstanding examples may found in the Truman Neighborhood.
Colonial Revival (1890 - 1955) - Acknowledging this as the single most popular style of home in the United States is something of an oxymoron, embracing as it does a mixture of different styles. These styles are all described as "uniquely American" although they borrow from the Dutch and English design themes of the early settlers. These homes feature hipped, gabled or even gambrel roofs.
Tudor Revival (1900 - 1950) - Many revival styles mimic the features of the parent architecture from which they are derived. Tudor architecture was evident from the closing years of medieval England (1485-1603), and its reach extended beyond into the 17th century. Tudor Revival roofs demonstrate steep pitch and side gables.
Modern Movement (1935 - Present) This style can be called a loose Tudor with dominant front gables, low pitch, very little overhang and a lack of detailing. It can be broken down into three sub periods: Minimal Traditionalist (1935 - 1950), Ranch Style (1950s), and Split-level (1950s).